https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/issue/feed Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2024-05-08T22:09:42+00:00 Dr P. Kwstain info@jhssrjournal.com Open Journal Systems https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/323 The effect of Core Muscles exercises on the momentary strength of the central part of the body and the accuracy of the serving and volleyball spiking skills for advanced 2024-03-29T22:35:59+00:00 Ali Naji Jabri alin.jabbri6333@uowasit.edu.iq Mohammed Abd Ul Hussein Majli alin.jabbri6333@uowasit.edu.iq Hasanain Amer Jalal alin.jabbri6333@uowasit.edu.iq <p>The importance of research is evident in the use of Core Muscles using some training tools to try to upgrade the momentary strength of the central part of the body and the a The study sought to determine the effect of Core Muscle training on instantaneous strength in the center region of the body. Higher volleyball hitting and serving abilities. Researchers applied the experimental curriculum and adhered to the design of a single experimental group. Curacy of the serving and spiking skills Because of their essential role in deciding matches. Represents the search community with players from Wasit governorate clubs for the (48) players grouped into four clubs. Researchers chose Al Hay Sports Club at random, and the sample size was 12 players, accounting for 25% of the overall research community. Core Muscle exercises designed by the researchers were administered to the experimental group for 8 weeks, with three training units per week. The tests were carried out following the experiment, and the statistical data was analyzed using the spss system. Researchers have concluded that Core muscle exercises have a positive impact on the development of the momentary strength of the central part of the body and the accuracy of the serving and crushing hitting skills of advanced volleyball players.</p> 2024-04-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/310 The effect of complex training to develop some physical variables and offensive formations for young handball players 2024-03-29T09:19:28+00:00 Ahmed Hassan Ali Hatroosh saifcena9377@gmail.com <p>Those who follow the game of handball in Iraq are well aware that the game's physical and technical levels have declined significantly in comparison to the regional and international environments, as evidenced by the Iraqi teams' results. The reasons may be several, but the most crucial is the failure to implement current, planned scientific curricula that keep up with gaming advances, as well as new ideas and training methods. In&nbsp;addition&nbsp;to&nbsp;the&nbsp;lack&nbsp;of&nbsp;gradual&nbsp;application&nbsp;of&nbsp;these&nbsp;theories&nbsp;and&nbsp;methods&nbsp;to&nbsp;age&nbsp;groups&nbsp;up&nbsp;to&nbsp;higher&nbsp;levels,&nbsp;which&nbsp;negatively&nbsp;impacted&nbsp;the&nbsp;effectiveness&nbsp;of&nbsp;game&nbsp;training,&nbsp;the&nbsp;research&nbsp;problem&nbsp;crystallized,&nbsp;which&nbsp;is&nbsp;the&nbsp;scarcity&nbsp;of&nbsp;adopting&nbsp;modern&nbsp;training&nbsp;curricula&nbsp;to&nbsp;raise&nbsp;the&nbsp;level&nbsp;of&nbsp;physical&nbsp;and&nbsp;performance&nbsp;variables&nbsp;(offensive&nbsp;formations)&nbsp;in&nbsp;the&nbsp;game&nbsp;of&nbsp;handball. Which shows the big difference in performance levels between the Iraqi player and his Arab or international counterpart, and this is an indicator through the results of the Iraqi teams in Arab and Asian forums. The researcher decided to shed light on this research problem and try to solve it by developing a training curriculum using one of the modern training methods, which is complex training. In addition, to identify its effects on some physical and performance variables (offensive formations). The aim of the research is to:</p> <p>1- Developing a training curriculum using a complex training method in some physical variables and offensive formations for young handball players.</p> <p>2- To identify the impact of the training curriculum using the combined training method on some physical variables and offensive formations for young handball players. The most important conclusions were:</p> <p>1- Compound training has a positive effect and is more effective than the traditional method in developing some physical variables and offensive formations for young handball players.</p> <p>2- Compound training demonstrated the comprehensive and balanced development of the physical and performance variables (offensive formations) for young handball players.</p> 2024-03-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/321 Building and codifying a special composite test for advanced football skills 2024-03-29T22:33:44+00:00 Ali Hamad Samir Al-Hamidi Aii.hama@utq.edu.iq <p>The research aimed to build and codify a special composite test to evaluate the skill status of advanced soccer players, and to find standard scores and levels for a special composite test to evaluate the skill status of advanced soccer players. The research community was deliberately identified and represented by football players applying in the Iraqi Premier League for Baghdad Governorate, who numbered nine clubs, with (27) players for each team. The research population, which represents the total population, was dealt with as a stratified sample and was divided randomly so that each group was an independent sample from the other, with a procedure separate from the other research procedures. Therefore, the sample consisted of (180) players, with a percentage of (70.6%), distributed among the nine clubs, and it was divided the main sample consists of three exploratory samples, a test construction sample, and a test application sample. The type of samples was divided according to scientific principles that suit the research problem in order to be consistent with the phenomenon studied. The study was&nbsp;completed by developing a particular composite skill test to assess the skill level of advanced soccer players. Developing standard scores and levels for the special composite skill test to assess the skill level of advanced soccer players. Furthermore, the applicability and validity of the specific composite skill test to assess the skill level of advanced soccer players.</p> 2024-04-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/319 The percentage of contribution of kinesthetic perception to the performance of some boxing skills for students 2024-03-29T10:00:49+00:00 Zaid Mohammed R. Al Khaffaf Zaid.alkhaffaf7@gmail.com <p>The era is witnessing scientific progress and knowledge explosion in all areas of life, including the sports field, on the foundations and principles of scientific research and the use of educational and training means and techniques. The sport of boxing is characterized by special characteristics and the mental preparation and personal characteristics that a boxing player must possess. One of the main objectives of this study is (to identify the contribution of sensory-motor perception to the performance of some students’ boxing skills). The researcher made several assumptions that he sought to test through Field research procedures, while the research community included students of the second stage at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Babylon for the academic year 2023 - 2024, who numbered 115 students, and a random sample of (30) students was chosen, after using some statistical methods to achieve the research objectives and test its hypotheses. The results of the study were presented, analyzed and discussed, through which several conclusions were reached, the most important of which is (there is a positive moral relationship between the ability to sense distance and sense of time) and the skills under study. The researcher also concluded several recommendations, the most important of which is the necessity of preparing curricula that help develop the mental abilities of students in the sport of boxing.</p> 2024-04-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/316 The Impact of Skill Training Exercises Utilizing a Device Designed for Enhancing Precision in Offensive Basketball Skills Among Players Under 18 Years of Age 2024-03-13T22:17:58+00:00 Auday Mahmoud ,Abdullah Mohammed Ahmed Najm ,Ahmed Mustafa Khurshid Zahmer m.bayitay@tu.edu.iq <p>This study aimed to design a customized training apparatus focused on refining the precision of offensive basketball skills, targeting players aged eighteen and under. Skill exercises were meticulously developed to harness the potential of this device, resulting in a significant improvement in skill precision within the experimental group compared to their counterparts in the control group. The findings underscore the pivotal role of innovative training tools in advancing skill development, while also fostering enthusiasm, perseverance, and excitement among young basketball players. Such interventions not only enhance performance but also contribute to the holistic development of aspiring athletes, instilling essential qualities that extend beyond the realm of sports. Through this research, valuable insights were gained into the efficacy of targeted training methodologies, paving the way for further advancements in athletic training and skill enhancement strategies.</p> 2024-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/325 Comparative Study of the Impact of Subscription Rates on the Operations and Profitability of Commercial and Takaful Insurance Companies: A Case Study of Solidarity Allaince Insurance Company (SAIC) and Syrian Islamic Insurance Company (SIIC) 2024-05-08T22:09:42+00:00 Yomn Ahmad ,Alhoussami Majid Majed Mansour majid.alhoussami@tishreen.edu.sy <p>The study aims to develop a statistical model to measure the impact of subscription rates on the operations (expressed as the total assets turnover rate) and profitability (expressed as the return on assets rate) of commercial and Takaful insurance companies. The study was conducted on Solidarity Allaince Insurance Company (SAIC) representing commercial insurance companies and Syrian Islamic Insurance Company (SIIC) representing Takaful insurance companies in Syria. The study period extended from 2010 to 2021. The main findings indicated a correlation between the total assets turnover rate and the return on assets rate with subscription rates within an acceptable range in both commercial and Takaful companies. Additionally, there was a positive impact of subscription rates (subscription premium growth rate) on the operations of commercial insurance companies, while it showed no impact on profitability rates. The study also revealed the positive impact of subscription rates (retention rate) on operations and (market share rate) on profitability within Takaful insurance companies.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/311 The impact of unique rondo-style exercises on the tactical behavior of futsal players 2024-03-29T09:27:44+00:00 Raad Ali Hussein El Leila 891974raa@gmail.com Haitham Muhammad Kadhim Al-Jubouri 891974raa@gmail.com <p>The objective of this research is to determine the impact of planned rondo exercises to affect futsal players' tactical conduct. As Well As to determine, the variations in futsal players' tactical conduct between pre-and post-tests for the experimental and control groups. In addition, determines the variations in futsal players' tactical conduct between the experimental and control groups.&nbsp; The nature of the research, the experimental and control groups were designed with pre-and post-tests. The study community featured 30 futsal players from the University of Babylon and Al-Mustaqbal teams for the academic year 2022-2023. They were all gathered to represent the study sample, while the University of Babylon squad represented the experimental group, which consisted of 15 players. The control group was represented by the Future University squad, which consisted of fifteen players. The tactical behavior circumstances included control of the ball, switching places, numerical increase, offensive depth, support, coverage, and payment. Two tests were conducted between the experimental and control groups in the pre-and post-measurements, and they were recorded and provided to the experts via CD to assess each group's strategic behavior positions using the evaluation form created for this purpose. The rondo-style activities were administered to the experimental group in (18) training units at (3) training units each week, with the major component lasting (60) minutes. The research concluded that exercises developed in the Rondo style could help players establish states of harmony, understanding, and team performance. The usage of rondo exercises in futsal contributed to the creation of an environment comparable to that found during matches and competitions. One of the research recommendations is to employ prepared exercises in the rondo style since they have a favorable influence on creating game scenarios and players' tactical conduct.&nbsp; Adopting rondo exercises as a method of simulating playing situations and tactical behavior in futsal.</p> 2024-03-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/322 The impact of an Entwistle-based educational curriculum on some student's artistic gymnastics skills 2024-03-29T22:34:54+00:00 Khaled Neama Khudair Phy.ali.abd@uobabylon.edu.iq Ali Abdul Hassan Hussein Phy.ali.abd@uobabylon.edu.iq <p>The study was significant since it used an Entostel model technique with auxiliary means to determine the effect on some cerebral capacities and artistic gymnastics capabilities. The researcher's personal desire to attempt anything new in order to attain the learner's highest levels while saving time and effort in mastering his skills led to the study challenge. The researcher opted to investigate learning methods based on Entwistle theory and implement its processes, which could be effective in improving students' mental capacity for learning. In addition to improving some of the technical performance of the investigated skills. Believing that educational communication and the integration of the process's fundamental pillars yield positive results. The study's goal was to create an educational program based on the Entwistle model for developing pupils' most significant cerebral talents as well as some artistic gymnastics capabilities.&nbsp;In addition,&nbsp;determines the impact of the Entwistle model's educational curriculum on the development of pupils' most significant mental capacities as well as some artistic gymnastics skills.&nbsp;The researcher employed the experimental approach to adapt to the nature and problem of the study, employing the control and experimental groups with pre-and&nbsp;post-testing. The study was limited to third-year students at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences in the academic year 2022-2023, with a total of 165 students divided into three academic divisions (B, C, and D).</p> 2024-04-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/320 Path analysis of the impact of the most essential motor features and muscular abilities on the execution of several fundamental skills for futsal players 2024-03-29T09:58:13+00:00 Wahb Razzaq Jabr wahebrazzaq92@sport.uoqasim.edu.iq Laith Rasim Abbas laithrasm@sport.uoqasim.edu.iq <p>The study decided to determine the motor features, physical abilities, and fundamental skills of futsal players. Additionally, route analysis can detect both direct and indirect impacts. The most crucial are motor characteristics and physical capacity in completing certain fundamental futsal techniques. The researchers employed the descriptive approach in the form of survey studies. The route analysis model is built using both the research technique and the causal links approach. The research community included players from the first division league clubs in Babil Governorate in futsal for the sports season (2022-2023), The number of them is (53) players representing (4) clubs, and due to the limited number of the research community, which is (52) players, the entire research community was chosen to apply the research steps. (12) players were chosen to conduct the reconnaissance experiment, with (3) players from each team, and (40) players to conduct the main experiment. The researcher processed the data by using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), twenty-fifth edition, and the AMOS program, twenty-fourth edition. In light of the results reached by the current research, and the subsequent interpretations, the researcher can come to several conclusions Perhaps the most prominent of these is proving the validity of the causal model of path analysis in stating and clarifying the primacy of variables in terms of them being independent, mediating, and dependent. As well as the emergence of direct and indirect effects between the independent variables (the most important motor characteristics), the mediating variable (muscular ability), and the dependent variables (some basic skills).</p> 2024-04-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/317 The artistic image in letters of Umayyad era 2024-03-15T21:25:38+00:00 Muhammad Saeed Hussein ,Ahmed Manar Nabeel Mari mernashamaoon7@gmail.com <p>The research is concerned with diagrammatic image which it's prepare from important elements structure the text , it's used by writers and poets in them literary works ; to expression of them susceptibility,&nbsp; feelings ,and thoughts , that image composed from the artist imagination , and from multiple data , the noticeable creation stand in the front of her , beside the image &nbsp;mental and mentality , it's linguistic structures interrogator by mixing format in content in the context diagrammatic private or general , it's express the side from literary experience side , so many attempts appeared to understand the neutral of&nbsp; diagrammatic image and her effects in the texts , some of that attempts become sensory image , it's compose most of ancient image " it's give special&nbsp; mental visualization . such image the simile , metaphor and allusion &nbsp;.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;..</p> 2024-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research https://jhssrjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/312 The Reality of Mental Fitness among Futsal Players for Middle Euphrates University Teams 2024-03-29T09:30:12+00:00 Raad Ali Hussein El Leila 891974raa@gmail.com Haitham Muhammad Kadhim Al-Jubouri 891974raa@gmail.com <p>The objective of this research is to develop a mental fitness assessment tool for futsal players in Middle Euphrates university teams.&nbsp; In addition, learning about the realities of mental fitness among futsal players in Middle Euphrates university teams.&nbsp; To accommodate the nature of the investigation, the researchers employed a descriptive survey approach. For the academic year (2022-2023), the research community includes futsal players from the governmental and private university teams of the Middle Euphrates governorates (Babylon, Holy Karbala, Al-Najaf, Al-Ashraf, and Al-Qadisiyah). The number of participants is (210) representing (14) colleges in the Middle Euphrates governorates, with (170) players chosen to reflect the mental fitness scale's construction sample. The application example has (116) players. The mental fitness scale had (34) questions that represented (6) areas of weakness (methods of remembering and thinking, self-confidence and challenge, emotional maturity, social harmony, happiness, decision-making, and problem solving), and the study concluded as follows:</p> <ol> <li>The results showed significant differences in the areas of the mental fitness scale and in favor of the achieved arithmetic mean.</li> <li>The results showed that the differences in the mental fitness scale were significant and in favor of the achieved arithmetic mean.</li> </ol> <p>Among the recommendations that the researchers came out with are:</p> <ol> <li>Coaches’ interest in players’ mental fitness and its fields because of its effects on skill performance. 2. Enhancing mental fitness in all its fields among futsal players through psychological and cognitive lectures and psychological preparation.</li> </ol> 2024-03-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research