Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research EScience Press en-US Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2958-3152 THE ROLE OF PSYCHOLINGUISTICS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING AND TEACHING <p>Psycholinguistics has provided numerous theories that explain how a person acquires a language, produces and perceives both spoken and written language. The theories have been used in the field of language teaching. Some experts use them as the basic theories in developing language teaching methods. It is known as psycholinguistics approach. Psycholinguistic approach views learning as a cognitive individual process happening within the individual and then moves to the social dimension. As an approach, there are some methods which were developed based on psycholinguistics theories such as natural method, total physical response method, and suggestopedia method. These methods apply psycholinguistic principles that how a person acquires his/her mother tongue or first language (First Language Acquisition), learns his/her second or third language (Second Language Learning), perceives a language (Language Perception), and produces language (Language Production). Language perception refers to listening and reading, while the language production refers to speaking and writing. Listening, reading, speaking and writing are called as the four of language skills. Specifically, psycholinguistics helps to understand the difficulties of these four skills both intrinsic difficulties and extrinsic difficulties. Psycholinguistics also helps to explain the errors students do in the language learning. Moreover psycholinguistics also defines some kinds of brain disorders that affect language learning performance such as agraphia and aphasia which must be treated properly. Psycholinguistics mainly helps teachers to consider the use of appropriate method to teach that four language skill. (Purpa,2018).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Manal Mosa Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 2 1 10.33687/jhssr.002.01.000111 Analysis of the impact of the election system on the efficiency and performance of the Iraqi Parliament in representation of the people and decision-making <p>Iraq adopted the parliamentary system, in state administration and governance, in 2005, if some negatives appeared that marred the system, in its applications, most notably that some of the constitutional tasks of parliament were not performed, including oversight of the executive authority, or there were some forms in the performance of parliament, especially in legislation&nbsp; And the budget, and the research dealt with the reasons behind the poor performance of parliament, as well as developing an evaluation of the parliamentary experience in Iraq, and finally the research presented mechanisms to reform the parliamentary system.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Qasim A. Esraa N.Hamid Saeed, Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2023-03-28 2023-03-28 2 1 10.33687/jhssr.002.01.000162 The administration's authority to recover smuggled Iraqi antiquities <p>The land of Iraq is an area rich in natural resources and historical monuments that represent ancient civilizations that lived on this land. These monuments include the antiquities of the various civilizations that disputed with each other over this land, and the most important of these monuments is the famous city of Babylon and other cities. There has been a great deal of interest in these antiquities and monuments, however, some of these sites have been vandalized by excavations and the illegal trade in antiquities. Many Iraqi antiquities were smuggled out of the country, whether by individuals or by some countries and political and military organizations. Among the most important smuggling operations that took place in Iraq were those that took place after 2003, when the US military invaded Iraq. The search for antiquities is important because of their cultural value and the risks they face in Iraq due to theft and smuggling, as Iraqi antiquities are exposed to danger due to illegal excavations, wars and armed conflicts that Iraq has gone through, and there is a need to identify the competent administrative authorities, procedures and means to protect antiquities, and the main problem in the research is A statement of the procedures taken by the administration in order to protect and recover Iraqi antiquities, and the analytical and applied approach is used to analyze legal texts and to indicate the procedures of the competent administrative authorities and some applications related to the recovery of smuggled antiquities.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Huda Yonus Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 2 1 10.33687/jhssr.002.01.000150 Legal Framework for post-mortem donation – A Comparative study <p>Islamic law is concerned with human interests, namely, the preservation of religion, soul, mind, presentation and money, and the prevention of anything that disturbs or attacks the functions of the human body, and this represents the goal of the law, which also prevents the attack on the human body, whatever the type of abuse, while allowing all that would protect the human body to achieve its desired goal of survival and enjoying its physical integrity.</p> <p>Such as caring for the survival of the human being and enjoying a correct body, is the possibility of transferring the organ or human tissue.&nbsp; From the dead to the neighborhood as soon as he dies as long as he expresses his desire and consent to this donation, as he may want to save a patient from death or want to provide a scientific service to the human community to donate his body for scientific and medical purposes.</p> <p>And, in order for his donation to be valid and sound legally and medically, his donation must be surrounded by general conditions required by the general rules of the contract as a legal act as well as the availability of special conditions for the donation process to ensure the achievement of its results, the death of the donor must be achieved and be subject to general conditions required in the contract as a legal act as well as the availability of special conditions for the donation process to ensure the achievement of its results, the death of the donor must be achieved and be met by the general conditions of the contract. His donation is free and free of charge, and he donates for humanitarian purposes such as saving a patient from death, and the possibility of donating human organs is restricted by the prohibition of sexual organ donation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Zaid Alraho Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2023-03-16 2023-03-16 2 1 10.33687/jhssr.001.04.000140 The impact of flexible blended learning on the development of scientific thinking among students of the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences <p>The research aims to identify the impact of flexible blended learning in developing scientific thinking among students of educational and psychological sciences. And the arbitrators, the researcher prepared a test of scientific thinking, after they confirmed its validity and reliability, the researcher used the following statistical methods: (T-test for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Cronbach’s alpha lab equation). Scientific thinking, and through the results reached by the researcher, a number of recommendations and suggestions were presented.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Saad Habib Ghadban Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2023-03-26 2023-03-26 2 1 10.33687/jhssr.002.01.000153 Determining standard levels of physical abilities for people with physical disabilities in the Iraqi National Paralympic weightlifting sport <p>The process of determining the levels is considered one of the important and basic topics in the training process for all sports, especially in the sport of Paralympic weightlifting, which is the measure that reflects the real field training reality of the training process and the development of the weightlifter. The slide is for people with disabilities in the sport of weightlifting, and the sport of weightlifting is one of the competitive sports that has its specificity in terms of capabilities and performance. As for the research problem, through the experience of the researcher and interviews with specialists, it was found that there are no levels of capabilities for the sport of national Paralympic weightlifting, hence the research problem The research problem, through the researcher's experience and interviews with specialists, found that there are no levels of capabilities for the national Paralympic weightlifting sport, hence the research problem. The goal is to identify the special capabilities and find levels of capabilities. For the capabilities of the national Paralympic weightlifting sport, and the results showed that most of the sample is at the intermediate level, and that the tests are very suitable for the sample. As for the recommendations, the researcher recommends adopting the standards that the researcher reached and using them in the training units, the two weeks and the monthly ones, preparing the training units as a methodology, and identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the lifters.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Haider Al-Tarfi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2023-03-17 2023-03-17 2 1 10.33687/jhssr.002.01.000147